A group of diseases that causes progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass, muscle dystrophy is a hereditary type of situation.
Mutated genes get in the way with the production of proteins desired in forming healthy muscles in the event of muscular dystrophy. No age group is exempted for this type of illness which is quite alarming because anyone can suffer from this condition. It is very sad to think that even the young ones may suffer.
For muscular dystrophy, there are many different types. The symptoms of the most normal type can be seen during childhood. Other types don’t surface until adulthood. Instances like lose the skill to walk, may have involved in swallowing, and or breathing for people with muscular dystrophy in due course. Sad to say, there is no cure for muscular dystrophy but symptoms can be managed thru medications and therapy.
Here are some of the most recurrent types though there is a quantity of variants in muscular dystrophy:
– Duchene: Typically affects young boys, they are usually wheelchair bound by 12 and die of respiratory breakdown by their early-to-mid-twenties.
– Congenital: This type can be noticeable from birth or before the child reaches the age of 2. Some forms progress slowly, while others can progress quickly and will cause significant impairment.
– Myotonic (Steiner’s disease): Among adults, this is the most recognizable. It is categorized by incapacity to unwind a muscle once it has contracted. It commonly affects the muscles in the face and neck first. Some of the symptoms are having cataracts, sleepiness, and arrhythmia (Irregular heartbeat; the heart may beat too fast, too slow, too early or irregularly).
– Becker muscular dystrophy: This type of muscular dystrophy can be noticed late start and in slower development and this shows comparable symptoms to Duchene.
– Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD): It is characterized by progressive muscle wasting which has an effect on the hip and shoulder muscles.
– Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: Progressive ptosis (drooping eyelids) and weakness of the extraocular muscles shown by the difficulty in swallowing of food and water as well.
The main risk in having dystrophy is having a family with the same condition. Upon knowing the symptoms and risks, better know your family history way, way back, if one of them suffered from this condition. And when your family does have a history of muscle dystrophy, you may never know to whom it will trigger or when so you better be ready, knock on wood. It is stated that there is no cure for this type of condition however, you can help others by informing such type of condition or better yet support the family whose one member suffers the condition.